This guide explains the importance of a sniper’s camouflage and concealment techniques.
What are the differences between camouflage and concealment?
Camouflage is those measures the sniper takes to conceal him/herself and his/her equipment from enemy observation. As with concealment, camouflage may be artificial or natural. Artificial camouflage is any material or substance, which is manmade and is used for the purpose of concealing through color, outline change, or texture. Natural camouflage is vegetation or materials that are native to the given area. The sniper will always augment his/her appearance by using natural camouflage. The ratio of natural to artificial would be approximately 60 to 70 percent natural to 30 to 40 percent artificial. Manmade substances will always appear, under scrutiny, to be manmade. The secret to camouflage is to never draw the attention of the enemy and create a reason for the enemy to inspect with close scrutiny your position. Once that occurs, you will be observed due to target indicators.
Concealment can be natural or artificial protection from enemy observation. The surroundings may provide natural concealment, which needs no change prior to use such as bushes, grass and shadows. The sniper can also create artificial concealment from materials such as burlap and camouflage nets. Or he/she can move natural materials (bushes, leaves, and grass) from his/her original locations, and create areas that work with his artificial camouflage. The sniper must consider the effects of the change of seasons, weather, and light on the concealment provided by both natural and artificial materials.
Not that you have a basic knowledge of definitions, this excellent resource will teach you:
- What are important target indicators?
- What should I know about camouflage materials?
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