Fieldcraft is made up of the individual skills and techniques used by soldiers in the field, which include movement, use of ground and camouflage in conditions of reduced visibility.

These skills and techniques enable soldiers to maintain their own security while gaining advantage over the enemy.

Soldiers must master fieldcraft in order to ensure their own and their section’s survival on the modern battlefield.

For example they must; use their eyes and ears to find the enemy, without being detected themselves; make the best use of ground and cover, by day and night; judge distances accurately; recognize and indicate targets, understand fire discipline and follow fire control orders; and move silently, with or without weapons, stores or equipment.

Fieldcraft training emphasizes the basics even when used to teach or demonstrate more advanced lessons. For example, personnel practising individual movement should be properly camouflaged. Soldiers must be taught that fieldcraft is a 24–hour–a–day concern.

Fieldcraft training is complimentary to weapons training. A soldier should be trained concurrently in marksmanship and fieldcraft.

Covered in this guide:

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION

SECTION 1 GENERAL

  • Definition
  • Scope
  • Training

CHAPTER 2 FINDING THE ENEMY

SECTION 1 DETECTION

  • Why Things are Seen
  • Shape
  • Shadow
  • Silhouette
  • Movement
  • Spacing
  • Position
  • Texture
  • Colour
  • Scale
  • Noise
  • Shine

SECTION 2 SEARCHING GROUND

  • Normal Method
  • Close Country
  • Minimal Light Conditions
  • Seeing Through
  • Visual Inference
  • Off the Line of Vision
  • Personal Factors

SECTION 3 NOISE AND MUZZLE FLASH

  • Flash to Bang
  • Crack and Thump

CHAPTER 3 ENGAGING THE TARGETS

SECTION 1 JUDGING DISTANCE

  • General
  • Unit of Measure Method
  • Appearance Method
  • Conditions That Affect Estimation of Ranges
  • Other Methods of Determining Range
  • Aids to Judging Distance

SECTION 2 TARGET INDICATION

  • Basic Indication
  • Arcs of Fire
  • Reference Points
  • Clock Ray
  • Hand Span Method

CHAPTER 4 INDIVIDUAL MOVEMENT

SECTION 1 METHODS OF INDIVIDUAL MOVEMENT

  • The Kitten Crawl
  • The Leopard Crawl
  • The Stomach Crawl
  • The Monkey Run
  • The Roll
  • The Walk
  • The Run
  • Turning

SECTION 2 INDIVIDUAL TACTICAL MOVEMENT

  • Looking Through Cover
  • Shadows
  • Skylines