General Psychology Informs International Relations.
Several experiments, focusing on decisions made by young, voting–age citizens of the United States about how to respond to incidents of international conflict, are summarized.
Participants recommended measured reactions to an initial attack. Repeated attacks led to escalated reaction, however, eventually matching or exceeding the conflict level of the attack itself.
If a peace treaty between contending nations was in place, women were more forgiving of an attack, and men were more aggressive. There was little overall difference in reactions to terrorist versus military attacks.Participants responded with a higher level of conflict to terrorist attacks on military than on cultural.
Find out more about the results of these experiments in this interesting article.